Combinatorics Seminar

When: Sunday, April 3, 10am

Where: Schreiber 309

Speaker: Guy Moshkovitz, Tel Aviv University

Title: A sparse regular approximation lemma


We introduce a new variant of Szemeredi's regularity lemma which we call the sparse regular approximation lemma (SRAL). The input to this lemma is a graph G of edge density p and parameters \eps much smaller than \delta. The goal is to construct an \eps-regular partition of G while having the freedom to add/remove up to \delta |E(G)| edges. As we show here, this weaker variant of the regularity lemma already suffices for proving the graph removal lemma and the hypergraph regularity lemma, which are two of the main applications of the (standard) regularity lemma. This of course raises the following question: can one obtain quantitative bounds for SRAL that are significantly better than those associated with the regularity lemma?

Our first result answers the above question affirmatively by proving an upper bound for SRAL given by a tower of height log(1/p). This allows us to reprove Fox's upper bound for the graph removal lemma. Our second result is a matching lower bound for SRAL showing that a tower of height log(1/p) is unavoidable. We in fact prove a more general multi-colored lower bound which is essential for proving lower bounds for the hypergraph regularity lemma.

Joint work with A. Shapira

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