Graph Theory (Fall 2017)
Among topics that will be covered in the class are the following: graphs and subgraphs, trees, connectivity, Euler tours, Hamilton cycles, matchings, Hall's theorem and Tutte's theorem, edge coloring and Vizing's Theorem, independent sets, Turán's theorem and Ramsey's theorem, vertex coloring, planar graphs, directed graphs, probabilistic methods and linear algebra tools in graph theory.
Prerequisite courses: Discrete mathematics or Introduction to combinatorics and graph theory, Linear algebra, and Introduction to probability.
Homework exercises will be given during the course and will account for 10% of the final grade. There will also be a final exam.
The course will be taught in English.
B. Bollobás, Modern Graph Theory
, Springer, 2002
J. A. Bondy and U. S. R. Murty, Graph Theory
, Springer, 2008
R. Diestel, Graph Theory
, Springer, 2016 (5th edition) – freely available for online viewing at diestel-graph-theory.com
D. B. West, Introduction to Graph Theory
, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2001 (2nd edition)
M. Aigner and G. Ziegler, Proofs from THE BOOK, Springer, 2014 (5th edition)
N. Alon and J. H. Spencer, The Probabilistic Method, Wiley, 2008 (3rd edition)
L. Lovász, Combinatorial problems and exercises, AMS Chelsea Publishing, 2007 (2nd edition)
basic definitions; graph isomorphism, labeled and unlabeled graphs; the adjacency and the incidence matrices; subgraphs and induced subgraphs; the complement and the line graph of a graph; complete and empty graphs, cliques and independent sets; bipartite graphs; vertex degrees; degree sum formula and the handshaking lemma; walks, trails, paths and cycles, girth and circumference; every u,v-walk contains a u,v-path; the longest path and cycle in a graph of a given minimum degree; connectivity and connected components; Sperner's lemma (in dimension 2)
Brouwer's fixed point theorem (in dimension 2); trees and forests; basic properties of trees: every nontrivial tree contains at least two leaves, deleting a leaf from a tree yields a smaller tree; four equivalent definitions of a tree; cut-edges; edge contraction and the contraction–deletion recursive formula for the number of spanning trees; Cayley's formula for the number of labeled trees with n vertices
Kirchhoff's maxtrix tree theorem: the statement and derivation of Cayley's formula; a proof of Kirchhoff's matrix tree theorem; the Cauchy–Binet formula; connectivity of a graph; highly connected subgraphs in graphs of large average degree (Mader's theorem); edge-connectivity; κ(G) ≤ κ'(G) ≤ δ(G)
structural characterization of 2-connected graphs ("ear decomposition"); blocks and block-decompositions; flows in directed graphs; the max-flow min-cut theorem; the integrality theorem; flows in directed graphs with vertex capacity bounds
the max-flow min-cut theorem for vertex capacity bounds; Menger's theorem; global version of Menger's theorem; the Fan Lemma; Eulerian circuits; the characterisation of Eulerian multigraphs; Hamilton cycles; Dirac's theorem; Ore's theorem
NO CLASS (Hanukkah)
(due on November 19)
The final exam will take place on Sunday, the 18th of February at 9:00; the second attempt is scheduled for Friday, the 10th of August at 9:00.